Traditionaly, USB-A to any output should be able to do everything a USB-B would do, its just a different pinout for how it works. You can see from the reference below.
I would suspect your issue does not lie in the configuration, but resides in the cable/system setup. Do you have a phone you can hook up through the cable to your pc to see if it communicates? Do you have another cable to try out? These both would help to narrow down what could be going on.